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  1. Content type: Research

    The Australian Synchrotron Imaging and Medical Beamline (IMBL) was designed as the world’s widest synchrotron X-ray beam, enabling both clinical imaging and therapeutic applications for humans as well as the i...

    Authors: Martin Donnelley, Kaye S. Morgan, Maged Awadalla, Nigel R. Farrow, Chris Hall and David W. Parsons

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:95

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  2. Content type: Research

    Thickening of reticular basement membrane, increased airway smooth muscle mass and eosinophilic inflammation are found in adult fatal asthma. At the present study the histopathology of fatal paediatric and ado...

    Authors: Kristiina Malmström, Jouko Lohi, Antti Sajantila, Frode L. Jahnsen, Merja Kajosaari, Seppo Sarna and Mika J. Mäkelä

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:94

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  3. Content type: Research

    Cigarette smoke exposure is the major risk factor for developing COPD. Presently, available COPD treatments focus on suppressing inflammation and providing bronchodilation. However, these options have varying ...

    Authors: Mark Bazett, Agnieszka Biala, Ryan D. Huff, Matthew R. Zeglinksi, Philip M. Hansbro, Momir Bosiljcic, Hal Gunn, Shirin Kalyan and Jeremy A. Hirota

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:92

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  4. Content type: Research

    The rising incidence of pulmonary Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAI) infection is unexplained but parallels the growing world-wide epidemic of allergic disease. We hypothesized an association betwee...

    Authors: Paul E. Pfeffer, Susan Hopkins, Ian Cropley, David M. Lowe and Marc Lipman

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:93

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  5. Content type: Research

    Exposure to crystalline silica is considered to increase the risk of lung fibrosis. The primary effector cell, the myofibroblast, plays an important role in the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). DNA me...

    Authors: Juan Li, Wu Yao, Lin Zhang, Lei Bao, Huiting Chen, Di Wang, Zhongzheng Yue, Yiping Li, Miao Zhang and Changfu Hao

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:91

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  6. Content type: Research

    Increased lung macrophage numbers in COPD may arise from upregulation of blood monocyte recruitment into the lungs. CCR5 is a monocyte chemokine receptor regulated by interleukin-6 (IL-6); the concentration of...

    Authors: Arjun K Ravi, Jonathan Plumb, Rosemary Gaskell, Sarah Mason, Caroline S Broome, George Booth, Matthew Catley, Jørgen Vestbo and Dave Singh

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:90

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  7. Content type: Research

    In the early stages of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pro-inflammatory mediators inhibit natural anticoagulant factors and initiate an increase in procoagulant activity. Previous studies proved th...

    Authors: Marta Camprubí–Rimblas, Raquel Guillamat-Prats, Thomas Lebouvier, Josep Bringué, Laura Chimenti, Manuela Iglesias, Carme Obiols, Jessica Tijero, Lluís Blanch and Antonio Artigas

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:89

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  8. Content type: Research

    The pulmonary neuroepithelial body (NEB) microenvironment (ME) consists of innervated cell clusters that occur sparsely distributed in the airway epithelium, an organization that has so far hampered reliable s...

    Authors: Line Verckist, Robrecht Lembrechts, Sofie Thys, Isabel Pintelon, Jean-Pierre Timmermans, Inge Brouns and Dirk Adriaensen

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:87

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  9. Content type: Research

    Sputum and blood eosinophil counts predict corticosteroid effects in COPD patients. Bacterial infection causes increased airway neutrophilic inflammation. The relationship of eosinophil counts with airway bact...

    Authors: Umme Kolsum, Gavin C. Donaldson, Richa Singh, Bethan L. Barker, Vandana Gupta, Leena George, Adam J. Webb, Sarah Thurston, Anthony J Brookes, Timothy D. McHugh, Jadwiga A. Wedzicha, Christopher E. Brightling and Dave Singh

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:88

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  10. Content type: Research

    Reducing rescue medication use is a guideline-defined goal of asthma treatment, however, little is known about the validity of rescue medicine use as a marker of symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disea...

    Authors: Yogesh Suresh Punekar, Sheetal Sharma, Ankit Pahwa, Jitender Takyar, Ian Naya and Paul W. Jones

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:86

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  11. Content type: Research

    Pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with lung disease has the worst prognosis of all types of PH. Pulmonary arterial vasculopathy is an early event in the natural history of chronic obstructive pulmonary di...

    Authors: Enric Domingo, Juan C. Grignola, Rio Aguilar, Manuel López Messeguer and Antonio Roman

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:85

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  12. Content type: Research

    The Rhinovirus C (RV-C), first identified in 2006, produce high symptom burdens in children and asthmatics, however, their primary target host cell in the airways remains unknown. Our primary hypotheses were t...

    Authors: Theodor F. Griggs, Yury A. Bochkov, Sarmila Basnet, Thomas R. Pasic, Rebecca A. Brockman-Schneider, Ann C. Palmenberg and James E. Gern

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:84

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  13. Content type: Research

    Smoking and aberrant epithelial responses are risk factors for lung cancer as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In these conditions, disease progression is associ...

    Authors: Lynne A. Murray, Rebecca Dunmore, Ana Camelo, Carla A. Da Silva, Malin J. Gustavsson, David M. Habiel, Tillie L Hackett, Cory M. Hogaboam, Matthew A. Sleeman and Darryl A. Knight

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:82

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  14. Content type: Research

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with several extra-pulmonary effects of which skeletal muscle wasting is one of the most common and contributes to reduced quality of life, increased ...

    Authors: Ramzi Lakhdar, Ellen M. Drost, William MacNee, Ricardo Bastos and Roberto A. Rabinovich

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:81

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  15. Content type: Research

    It has been observed that mice lacking the sulfatase modifying factor (Sumf1) developed an emphysema-like phenotype. However, it is unknown if SUMF1 may play a role in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)...

    Authors: Julie Weidner, Linnea Jarenbäck, Kim de Jong, Judith M. Vonk, Maarten van den Berge, Corry-Anke Brandsma, H. Marike Boezen, Don Sin, Yohan Bossé, David Nickle, Jaro Ankerst, Leif Bjermer, Dirkje S. Postma, Alen Faiz and Ellen Tufvesson

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:77

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  16. Content type: Research

    Although high-intensity non-invasive ventilation has been shown to improve outcomes in stable COPD, it may adversely affect cardiac performance. Therefore, the aims of the present pilot study were to compare c...

    Authors: Marieke Leontine Duiverman, Petra Maagh, Friederike Sophie Magnet, Claudia Schmoor, Maria Paola Arellano-Maric, Axel Meissner, Jan Hendrik Storre, Peter Jan Wijkstra, Wolfram Windisch and Jens Callegari

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:76

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  17. Content type: Research

    Exacerbations in COPD are often accompanied by pulmonary and systemic inflammation, and associated with increased susceptibility to and prevalence of weight loss and muscle wasting. Muscle mass loss during dis...

    Authors: Judith J. M. Ceelen, Annemie M. W. J. Schols, Stefan J. van Hoof, Chiel C. de Theije, Frank Verhaegen and Ramon C. J. Langen

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:75

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  18. Content type: Research

    Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a difficult-to-treat global disease. Pegylated arginase (BCT-100) has recently shown anti-tumor effects in hepatocellular carcinoma, acute myeloid leukemia and melanoma....

    Authors: Sze-Kwan Lam, Yuan-Yuan Li, Shi Xu, Leanne Lee Leung, Kin-Pong U, Yan-Fang Zheng, Paul Ning-Man Cheng and James Chung-Man Ho

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:80

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  19. Content type: Research

    Identification of biomarkers of cigarette smoke –induced lung damage and early COPD is an area of intense interest. Glucose regulated protein of 78 kD (i.e., GRP78), a multi-functional protein which mediates c...

    Authors: Mark O. Aksoy, Victor Kim, William D. Cornwell, Thomas J. Rogers, Beata Kosmider, Karim Bahmed, Carlos Barrero, Salim Merali, Neena Shetty and Steven G. Kelsen

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:78

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  20. Content type: Research

    Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is currently recognized as an important mechanism for the increased number of myofibroblasts in cancer and fibrotic diseases. We have already reported that epithelial-mesenchy...

    Authors: Keigo Kainuma, Tetsu Kobayashi, Corina N. D’Alessandro-Gabazza, Masaaki Toda, Taro Yasuma, Kota Nishihama, Hajime Fujimoto, Yu Kuwabara, Koa Hosoki, Mizuho Nagao, Takao Fujisawa and Esteban C. Gabazza

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:79

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  21. Content type: Research

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating disease characterized by an unpredictable course. Prognostic markers and disease activity markers are needed. The purpose of this single-center retrospectiv...

    Authors: Aurélien Justet, Astrid Laurent-Bellue, Gabriel Thabut, Arnaud Dieudonné, Marie-Pierre Debray, Raphael Borie, Michel Aubier, Rachida Lebtahi and Bruno Crestani

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:74

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  22. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Eosinophilic COPD appears to be a distinct patient subgroup with an increased corticosteroid response. Eosinophilic COPD has been labelled as part of the asthma COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). We compared the cl...

    Authors: Umme Kolsum, Arjun Ravi, Paul Hitchen, Satyanarayana Maddi, Thomas Southworth and Dave Singh

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:73

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  23. Content type: Research

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently the third leading cause of death and there is a huge unmet clinical need to identify disease biomarkers in peripheral blood. Compared to gene level dif...

    Authors: Ma’en Obeidat, Yunlong Nie, Virginia Chen, Casey P. Shannon, Anand Kumar Andiappan, Bernett Lee, Olaf Rotzschke, Peter J. Castaldi, Craig P. Hersh, Nick Fishbane, Raymond T. Ng, Bruce McManus, Bruce E. Miller, Stephen Rennard, Peter D. Paré and Don D. Sin

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:72

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  24. Content type: Research

    Emerging evidence reveals that nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) has a significant role in the pathophysiology of the inflammatory process. NAMPT inhibition has a beneficial effect in the treatmen...

    Authors: Geng-Chin Wu, Wen-I Liao, Shu-Yu Wu, Hsin-Ping Pao, Shih-En Tang, Min-Hui Li, Kun-Lun Huang and Shi-Jye Chu

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:71

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  25. Content type: Research

    Rab38 small GTPase regulates intracellular transport in melanocytes and alveolar type II epithelial cells. Ruby rats carrying Rab38 and other gene mutations exhibit oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding diathesis, an...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Osanai, Keisuke Nakase, Takashi Sakuma, Kazuaki Nishiki, Masafumi Nojiri, Ryo Kato, Masatoshi Saito, Yuki Fujimoto, Shiro Mizuno and Hirohisa Toga

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:70

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  26. Content type: Review

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) imposes a substantial burden on individuals with the disease, which can include a range of symptoms (breathlessness, cough, sputum production, wheeze, chest tightne...

    Authors: Marc Miravitlles and Anna Ribera

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:67

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  27. Content type: Research

    The effectiveness of early pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains controversial. The present study aimed to compare the outcomes between early an...

    Authors: Hiroki Matsui, Taisuke Jo, Kiyohide Fushimi and Hideo Yasunaga

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:68

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  28. Content type: Research

    Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) play a major role in detoxification of aldehydes. High expression of ALDHs is a marker for stem cells of many organs including the lungs. A common polymorphism in ALDH2 gene (ALDH2...

    Authors: Aoi Kuroda, Ahmed E. Hegab, Gao Jingtao, Shuji Yamashita, Nobuyuki Hizawa, Tohru Sakamoto, Hideyasu Yamada, Satoshi Suzuki, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takanori Asakura, Mari Ozaki, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Junko Hamamoto, Shizuko Kagawa, Kenzo Soejima…

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:69

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  29. Content type: Research

    Avian antigen is a common cause of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). Inhalation challenge with pigeon serum and pigeon dropping extract (PDE) elicits a hypersensitivity reaction in patients with bird-related ...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Shirai, Haruhiko Furusawa, Asuka Furukawa, Yuki Ishige, Keisuke Uchida, Yasunari Miyazaki, Yoshinobu Eishi and Naohiko Inase

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:65

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  30. Content type: Research

    The patterns of mandibular movements (MM) during sleep can be used to identify increased respiratory effort periodic large-amplitude MM (LPM), and cortical arousals associated with “sharp” large-amplitude MM (...

    Authors: Jean-Benoît Martinot, Jean-Christian Borel, Nhat-Nam Le-Dong, Hervé Jean-Pierre Guénard, Valerie Cuthbert, Philip E. Silkoff, David Gozal and Jean-Louis Pepin

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:66

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  31. Content type: Research

    Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a predictive factor of poor prognosis in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, its acute pulmonary hemodynamic effects and role in lung injury have not been...

    Authors: Guillaume Voiriot, Keyvan Razazi, Valérie Amsellem, Jeanne Tran Van Nhieu, Shariq Abid, Serge Adnot, Armand Mekontso Dessap and Bernard Maitre

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:64

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  32. Content type: Research

    Both short and long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollutants have been associated with asthma and reduced lung function. We hypothesized that short-term indoor exposure to fine particulate matter <2.5 μ...

    Authors: Kyung Hwa Jung, David Torrone, Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Matthew Perzanowski, Joshua Bautista, Jacqueline R. Jezioro, Lori Hoepner, Jamie Ross, Frederica P. Perera, Steven N. Chillrud and Rachel L. Miller

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:63

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  33. Content type: Research

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) may be associated with accelerated aging. Telomere shortening is a biomarker of aging. Cross-sectional studies describe shorter telomeres in COPD compared with matc...

    Authors: Elizabeth Córdoba-Lanús, Sara Cazorla-Rivero, Adriana Espinoza-Jiménez, Juan P. de-Torres, María J. Pajares, Armando Aguirre-Jaime, Bartolomé Celli and Ciro Casanova

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:59

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Respiratory Research 2017 18:113

  34. Content type: Review

    Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and highly drug resistant tumor arising from the mesothelial surfaces of the lung pleura. The standard method to confirm MPM is the tedious, time-consuming cytolo...

    Authors: Lourdes Cortes-Dericks and Ralph Alexander Schmid

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:58

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  35. Content type: Research

    Researchers investigating lung diseases, such as asthma, have questioned whether certain compounds previously reported in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) originate from saliva contamination. Moreover, despite ...

    Authors: Charmion Cruickshank-Quinn, Michael Armstrong, Roger Powell, Joe Gomez, Marc Elie and Nichole Reisdorph

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:57

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  36. Content type: Research

    The incidence of asthma is increasing at an alarming rate. While the current available therapies are effective, there are associated side effects and they fail to adequately control symptoms in all patient sub...

    Authors: Katie Baker, Kristof Raemdonck, Robert J. Snelgrove, Maria G. Belvisi and Mark A. Birrell

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:55

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  37. Content type: Research

    Ku80 is a DNA repair protein which involves in cell apoptosis and chemoresistance. However, it is unclear whether Ku80 correlates with the efficiency of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in human lung adenocarcinoma, a...

    Authors: Bin Shang, Yang Jia, Gang Chen and Zhou Wang

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:56

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  38. Content type: Research

    Right ventricular structure and function is a major predictor of outcomes in pulmonary hypertension (PH), yet the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Growing evidence suggests the importance of aut...

    Authors: Yan Deng, Weifeng Wu, Shenglan Guo, Yuming Chen, Chang Liu, Xingcui Gao and Bin Wei

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:53

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  39. Content type: Research

    Lung cancer (LC) is still the most common cause of cancer related deaths worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of all LC cases but is not a single entity. It is now accepted that, apar...

    Authors: M. Vesel, J. Rapp, D. Feller, E. Kiss, L. Jaromi, M. Meggyes, G. Miskei, B. Duga, G. Smuk, T. Laszlo, I. Karner and J.E. Pongracz

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:52

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  40. Content type: Research

    Cigarette smoke (CS) is associated with lower numbers of circulating stem cells and might severely affect their mobilization, trafficking and homing. Our study was designed to demonstrate in an animal model of...

    Authors: Olga Tura-Ceide, Borja Lobo, Tanja Paul, Raquel Puig-Pey, Núria Coll-Bonfill, Jéssica García-Lucio, Valérie Smolders, Isabel Blanco, Joan A. Barberà and Víctor I. Peinado

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:50

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  41. Content type: Research

    Although caffeine and glucocorticoids are frequently used to treat chronic lung disease in preterm neonates, potential interactions are largely unknown. While anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids are w...

    Authors: Markus Fehrholz, Kirsten Glaser, Christian P. Speer, Silvia Seidenspinner, Barbara Ottensmeier and Steffen Kunzmann

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:51

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  42. Content type: Research

    Agricultural environments are contaminated with organic dusts containing bacterial components. Chronic inhalation of organic dusts is implicated in respiratory diseases. CD14 is a critical receptor for gram-ne...

    Authors: Tricia D. LeVan, Lynette M. Smith, Art J. Heires, Ted R. Mikuls, Jane L. Meza, Lisa A. Weissenburger-Moser and Debra J. Romberger

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:49

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  43. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Mast cells are accumulated in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and interleukin (IL)-17 signaling plays a role in disease progression. The expression, localization and functional relevance...

    Authors: Abraham B. Roos, Michiko Mori, Harpreet K. Gura, Axel Lorentz, Leif Bjermer, Hans Jürgen Hoffmann, Jonas S. Erjefält and Martin R. Stampfli

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:48

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  44. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe form of pulmonary hypertension that combines multiple alterations of pulmonary arteries, including, in particular, thrombotic and plexiform lesions. Multiple-p...

    Authors: Florence Coste, Christelle Guibert, Julie Magat, Emma Abell, Fanny Vaillant, Mathilde Dubois, Arnaud Courtois, Philippe Diolez, Bruno Quesson, Roger Marthan, Jean-Pierre Savineau, Bernard Muller and Véronique Freund-Michel

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:47

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  45. Content type: Research

    Airway fibrosis is one of the pathological features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and recent studies revealed that acetylcholine plays an important role in the development of airway remodeli...

    Authors: Yukiko Namba, Shinsaku Togo, Miniwan Tulafu, Kotaro Kadoya, Kumi Yoneda Nagahama, Hikari Taka, Naoko Kaga, Akira Orimo, Xiangde Liu and Kazuhisa Takahashi

    Citation: Respiratory Research 2017 18:46

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