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  1. The human lysosomal cysteine proteases are a family of 11 proteases whose members include cathepsins B, C, H, L, and S. The biology of these proteases was largely ignored for decades because of their lysosomal...

    Authors: Paul J Wolters and Harold A Chapman
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:9
  2. Although bronchogenic carcinomas progress through a very well defined sequence of metaplasia, dysplasia and carcinoma in situ, very little is known about the early progression of glandular neoplasms of the lung. ...

    Authors: William H Westra
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:8
  3. Since their discovery 15 years ago, the role of γδ T cells has remained somewhat elusive. Responses of γδ T cells have been found in numerous infectious and non-infectious diseases. New evidence points to γδ T...

    Authors: Willi K Born, Michael Lahn, Katsuyuki Takeda, Arihiko Kanehiro, Rebecca L O'Brien and Erwin W Gelfand
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:6
  4. Deficient microbial stimulation of the immune system, caused by hygiene, may underly the atopy and allergic asthma epidemic we are currently experiencing. Consistent with this 'hygiene hypothesis', research on...

    Authors: Paolo Maria Matricardi and Sergio Bonini
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:2
  5. Many pulmonary diseases preferentially affect the large airways or the alveoli. Although the mechanisms are often particular to each disease process, site-specific differences in leukocyte trafficking and the ...

    Authors: Claire M Doerschuk
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:4
  6. Regeneration and restoration of the airway epithelium after mechanical, viral or bacterial injury have a determinant role in the evolution of numerous respiratory diseases such as chronic bronchitis, asthma an...

    Authors: Edith Puchelle and Bruno Peault
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:1
  7. The identification of the cystic fibrosis (CF) gene opened the way for gene therapy. In the ten years since then, proof of principle in vitro and then in animal models in vivo has been followed by numerous clinic...

    Authors: Myra Stern, M Geddes Duncan and WFW Alton Eric
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:3
  8. The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an inflammatory disease of the lungs characterized clinically by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, decreased pulmonary compliance and hypoxemia. Although suppor...

    Authors: Arthur S Slutsky and V Marco Ranieri
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:2
  9. Surfactant protein-D (SP-D) participates in the innate response to inhaled microorganisms and organic antigens, and contributes to immune and inflammatory regulation within the lung. SP-D is synthesized and se...

    Authors: Erika C Crouch
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:6
  10. Secretory leukocyte proteinase inhibitor and elafin are two low-molecular-mass elastase inhibitors that are mainly synthesized locally at mucosal sites. It is thought that their physicochemical properties allo...

    Authors: Jean-Michel Sallenave
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:5
  11. Inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract are commonly associated with elevated production of nitric oxide (NO•) and increased indices of NO• -dependent oxidative stress. Although NO• is known to have ant...

    Authors: Albert van der Vliet, Jason P Eiserich and Carroll E Cross
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:1
  12. Airway hyper-reactivity is a characteristic feature of many inflammatory lung diseases and is defined as an exaggerated degree of airway narrowing. Chemokines and their receptors are involved in several pathol...

    Authors: Kate Blease, Nicholas W Lukacs, Cory M Hogaboam and Steven L Kunkel
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:13
  13. The cellular and molecular mechanisms that are involved in airway hyper-responsiveness are unclear. Current studies suggest that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, a cytokine that is produced in considerable quant...

    Authors: Yassine Amrani, Hang Chen and Reynold A Panettieri Jr
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:12
  14. PM10 (the mass of particles present in the air having a 50% cutoff for particles with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 μm) is the standard measure of particulate air pollution used worldwide. Epidemiological studies...

    Authors: Kenneth Donaldson, M Ian Gilmour and William MacNee
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:5
  15. The medical research community is experiencing a marked increase in the amount of information available on genomic sequences and genes expressed by humans and other organisms. This information offers great opp...

    Authors: Edward Gabrielson
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:10
  16. The limitations of currently available treatment for severe respiratory infection are demonstrated by the relatively fixed mortality associated with these infections despite advances in nutrition, vaccines, an...

    Authors: K Kolls Jay and Steve Nelson
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:4
  17. Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI-3Ks) are enzymes that generate lipid second messenger molecules, resulting in the activation of multiple intracellular signalling cascades. These events regulate a broad array of...

    Authors: Alison M Condliffe, Karen A Cadwallader, Trevor R Walker, Robert C Rintoul, Andrew S Cowburn and Edwin R Chilvers
    Citation: Respiratory Research 2000 1:8

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