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Table 4 Effects of asthma status on baseline (Mock) and RV-induced cytokine secretion and interferon mRNA expression (geometric mean, 95% CI)

From: Budesonide and formoterol effects on rhinovirus replication and epithelial cell cytokine responses

Cytokine   Normal Asthma P value (asthma vs. normal)
CXCL10 (pg/mL) Mock 3.4 (2.2, 5.1) 5.3 (3.5, 8.2) 0.06
  RV 50.6 (21.6, 118.1)** 10.1 (4.2, 24.4) 0.003
TNFα (pg/mL) Mock 3.2 (1.3, 7.9) 1.4 (0.6, 3.5) 0.02
  RV 4.7 (1.9, 11.3)* 1.4 (0,6, 3.5) 0.0003
IFNB1 mRNA (fold increase) 3.4 (2.2, 5.3) 1.5 (1.0, 2.5) 0.01
IL28 mRNA (fold increase) 49 (21, 112) 9.2 (3.8, 22) 0.009
  1. *P = 0.006, ** P < 0.0001 for RV vs. mock-infected samples.