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Table 2 Summary of adverse events

From: Mass spectrometry detection of inhaled drug in distal fibrotic lung

Preferred term Ipratropium bromide (N = 7)
Any event, n (%) 7 (100)
Procedural haemorrhage1 5 (71)
Procedural pneumothorax 2 (29)
Cough 1 (14)
Dry throat 1 (14)
Constipation 1 (14)
Malaise 1 (14)
Musculoskeletal chest pain 1 (14)
  1. 1Bleeding (procedural haemorrhage) is an expected adverse event associated with biopsy procedures. In this study, for one participant the procedure was stopped before biopsies due to bleeding. For all other participants, bleeding was mild and managed as per UCLH routine procedure