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Table 3 Comparison of causes of death between persons from the TRAIL cohort and the Danish background population from 1974 to 2017, stratified by age groups 0–69 and 70 + 

From: Long-term predictors of severe exacerbations and mortality in a cohort of well-characterised adults with asthma

   TRAIL
(n = 357)
Denmark
(n = 2 113 293)a
Relative Risk 95% CI
Asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and pneumonia 0–69 36 (23%) 26,811 (4%) 5.3 4.0–7.1
  70 +  57 (29%) 85,225 (6%) 5.0 4.0–6.2
Cardiovascular causes      
 Ischaemic cardiovascular disease 0–69 18 (11%) 80,118 (13%) 0.89 0.6–1.4
  70 +  21 (11%) 298,467 (21%) 0.5 0.4–0.8
 Other cardiac cause 0–69 5 (3%) 18,304 (3%) 1.1 0.5–2.6
  70 +  13 (7%) 95,873 (6%) 1.0 0.6–1.7
Malignancy      
 Malignant neoplasm 0–69 32 (20%) 181,116 (29%) 0.7 0.5–1.0
  70 +  29 (15%) 274,408 (18%) 0.8 0.6–1.1
Airway neoplasm 0–69 5 (3%) 60,605 (10%) 0.3 0.1–0.8
  70 +  9 (5%) 69,634 (5%) 1.0 0.5–1.8
Other causes 0–69 62 (39%) 338,517 (54%) 0.7 0.6–0–9
  70 +  70 (35%) 664,233 (45%) 0.8 0.7–1.0
  1. aBased on 1981–2017 data from statistics Denmark