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Table 3 Beta Diversity is Associated with Multiple Clinical Factors on PERMANOVA Analysis

From: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease upper airway microbiota alpha diversity is associated with exacerbation phenotype: a case-control observational study

Factor Univariate PERMANOVA
p-value r2 Homogeneity of multivariate dispersions
Anatomic Site 0.016 0.091 Homogeneous (p = 0.225)
Exacerbation Phenotype 0.025 0.050 Heterogeneous (p = 0.037)
Inhaled Corticosteroid Use 0.045 0.043 Heterogeneous (p = 0.005)
Current Tobacco Use 0.024 0.051 Heterogeneous (p = 0.005)
COPD Severity 0.003 0.096 Homogeneous (p = 0.89)
Last Professional Dental Cleaning 0.006 0.104 Heterogeneous (p = 0.003)