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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analyses of the association of wheezing over the past 12 months with intestinal helminthic infections, anti-A. lumbricoides IgE antibodies and diarrhoea in 135 atopic children

From: The presence of serum anti-Ascaris lumbricoides IgE antibodies and of Trichuris trichiura infection are risk factors for wheezing and/or atopy in preschool-aged Brazilian children

Wheezing in atopics*
Variables N = 135
n (%)
Yes (55)
n (%)
No (80)
n (%)
OR
[95%CI]
Adjusted** OR
[95%CI]
T. trichuris      
No 112 (83.0) 41 (36.6) 71 (63.4) 1# 1
Yes 23 (17.0) 14 (60.9) 9 (39.1) 2.69[1.07;6.77] 3.07[1.00;9.43]
Ascaris      
No 108 (80.0) 44 (40.7) 64 (59.3) 1 1
Yes 27 (20.0%) 11 (40.7) 16 (59.3) 1.00[0.42;2.36] 0.44[0.15;1.32]
Anti- Ascaris IgE      
<0.35 kU/L 59 (43,7) 19 (32,2) 40 (67,8)   
≥0.35 kU/L 76 (56,3) 36 (47,4) 40 (52,6) 1,89[0,93;3,84] 2.01[1.00;4.50]
Diarrhoea      
None 27 (20.0) 9 (33.3) 18 (66.7) 1 1
<6 days 59 (43.7) 21 (35.6) 38 (64.4) 1.10[0.42;2.89 0.97[0.35;2,70]
≥6 days 49 (36.3) 25 (51.0) 24 (49.0) 2.08[0.78;5.53] 1.62[0.53;4.89]
  1. *Atopy defined as the presence of serum IgE antibodies against at least one of the following allergens: D. pteronyssinus, B. tropicalis, mlk, ovalbumin, and peanuts.
  2. **Adjusted for gender, age, T. trichiura eggs, A. lumbricoides eggs, days with diarrhoea and anti-Ascaris IgE.
  3. # Class reference of the variable.
  4. Bold numbers are statistically significant at 0.05.