Skip to main content

Table 2 The table summarizes the oxygen modalities that have been adopted according to the underlying patient’s lung disorder and FOB indications current literature

From: Oxygenation strategies during flexible bronchoscopy: a review of the literature

Indications Respiratory conditions
FEV1 < 1 L COPD Immunodepression Hypoxemic ARF (PaO2/FiO2 > 200) Hypoxemic ARF (PaO2/FiO2 < 200) Lung Tx
BAL COT COT/HFNC COT/HFNC HFNC CPAP/NIV  
Brushing for cytology   COT COT HFNC CPAP/NIV  
EBUS deep sedation   HFNC HFNC HFNC CPAP/NIV  
EBUS conscious sedation   COT/HFNC COT/HFNC HFNC CPAP/NIV  
Lung biopsy       HFNC
Balloon dilatation Electrocautery
APC
NIV NIV    NIV  
  1. BAL bronchoalveolar lavage, EBUS endobronchial ultrasound, APC argon plasma coagulation, SpO2 peripheral arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation, FEV1 forced expiratory volume in the first second, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ARF acute respiratory failure, PaO2/FiO2 ratio between arterial partial pressure to inspired fraction of oxygen, Tx transplantation, COT conventional oxygen therapy, HFNC high flow oxygen through the nasal cannula, CPAP continuous positive airway pressure, NIV noninvasive ventilation