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Table 3 Association between preexisting respiratory disease/smoking and severe disease outcomes- Mortality, Mechanical ventilation and ICU admission unadjusted and adjusted for age, sex, race, BMI and comorbidities

From: Preexisting respiratory diseases and clinical outcomes in COVID-19: a multihospital cohort study on predominantly African American population

Characteristic Mortality ICU Admission Mechanical ventilation
  OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Preexisting respiratory disease
 Unadjusted 1.29 (1.05–1.58) 0.02 1.33 (1.08–1.64) 0.007 1.40 (1.13–1.74) 0.002
 Fully adjusted* 1.36 (1.08–1.72) 0.01 1.34 (1.07–1.68) 0.009 1.36 (1.07–1.72) 0.01
Smoking
 Unadjusted 1.26 (1.03–1.53) 0.02 1.33 (1.09–1.62) 0.005 1.23 (0.99–1.52) 0.05
 Fully adjusted* 1.14 (0.91–1.42) 0.25 1.25 (1.01–1.55) 0.03 1.15 (0.92–1.44) 0.21
  1. *Fully adjusted for age, sex, race, BMI and comorbidities which include hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, ESRD on dialysis, congestive heart failure, any cancer, any liver disease, hyperlipidemia and history of previous stroke
  2. OR odds ratio, CI Confidence Interval
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