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Table 1 The baseline demographic and clinical data in different groups

From: Association between cytokine profiles and lung injury in COVID-19 pneumonia

  Overall (n = 106) COVID-19 without pneumonia/Mild (n = 12) COVID-19 with pneumonia(n = 94) p –values Moderate (n = 69) Severe (n = 25) p –values
Age, years 52.75 ± 16.09 43.92 ± 13.73 53.87 ± 16.08 0.043 51.41 ± 15.77 60.68 ± 15.23 0.005
Male sex, n(%) 53 (50.0) 4 (33.3) 49 (52.1) 0.220 34 (49.3) 15 (60.0) 0.309
Coexisting disorder
 Any, n(%) 25 (23.6) 0 (0.0) 25 (26.6) 0.041 14 (20.3) 11 (44.0) 0.007
 Hypertension, n(%) 17 (16.0) 0 (0.0) 17 (18.1) 0.108 9 (13.0) 8 (32.0) 0.028
 Diabetes mellitus, n(%) 13 (12.3) 0 (0.0) 13 (13.8) 0.169 7 (10.1) 6 (24.0) 0.103
 CHD, n (%) 2 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 2 (2.1) 1.000 1 (1.4) 1 (4.0) 0.578
 COPD, n (%) 1 (0.9) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.1) 1.000 1 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 1.000
Symptoms
 Fever, n (%) 56 (52.8) 3 (25.0) 53 (56.4) 0.040 37 (53.6) 16 (64.0) 0.082
 Cough, n (%) 52 (49.1) 5 (41.7) 47 (50.0) 0.587 34 (49.3) 13 (52.0) 0.839
 Sputum production, n (%) 14 (13.2) 1 (8.3) 13 (13.8) 0.596 7 (10.1) 6 (24.0) 0.179
 Fatigue, n (%) 20 (18.9) 0 (0.0) 20 (21.3) 0.076 13 (18.8) 7 (28.0) 0.124
 Dyspnea, n (%) 7 (6.6) 0 (0.0) 7 (7.4) 0.328 3 (4.3) 4 (16.0) 0.097
Vital signs
 Temperature(°C) 36.50 (36.30–36.80) 36.50 (36.33–36.60) 36.50 (36.30–36.83) 0.270 36.50 (36.30–36.65) 36.90 (36.60–37.70) 0.001
 Respiratory Rate 20.00 (20.00–20.00) 19.50 (19.00–20.00) 20.00 (20.00–20.25) 0.002 20.00 (20.00–20.00) 20.00 (20.00–22.00) 0.001
 Heart Rate 89.89 ± 13.29 93.17 ± 14.48 89.47 ± 13.15 0.366 88.94 ± 13.94 90.92 ± 10.80 0.545
 SpO2 (%) 98.00 (97.00–98.00) 98.00 (97.25–99.00) 98.00 (97.00–98.00) 0.174 98.00 (97.00–99.00) 96.00 (93.50–98.00) < 0.001
  1. Abbreviation: COVID-19 coronavirus disease 2019, CHD coronary artery heart disease, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, SpO2 pulse oximeter oxygen saturation