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Table 2 The skin viscoelastic modulus correlates with facial wrinkling, age, sex, body mass index, and pack years in current or former smokers

From: Loss of skin elasticity is associated with pulmonary emphysema, biomarkers of inflammation, and matrix metalloproteinase activity in smokers

  Facial Wrinkling Score (FWS) Viscoelastic Modulus (VE)
  β P-value β P-value
VE − 0.29 <0.0001
Age 0.25 0.0001 −0.49 <0.0001
Male sex 0.05 0.41 −0.16 0.0167
BMI −0.15 0.025 0.46 <0.0001
Current smoker −0,01 0.85 0.03 0.63
Pack Year Smoking −0.05 0.48 − 0.20 0.0018
Sun Exposure −0.02 0.74 −0.09 0.19
  1. Notes. Bivariate regression analysis was performed to test the correlation between facial wrinkling and skin elasticity and exposure variables in the study cohort. BMI, body mass index