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Table 3 Analysis of variable associated to COPD by BS. Age, BMI, MS, and FEV1% pred were the independent variables

From: Women with COPD by biomass show different serum profile of adipokines, incretins, and peptide hormones than smokers

  Ghrelin* GIP GLP-1 Glucagon Insulin* Leptin PAI-1* Resistin Visfatin*
BS/TS −0.6366 0.485 0.205 −0.171 −0.541 − 0.334 −0.67 − 0.222 −1.615
(− 1.11- -0.154) (− 0.081–1.052) (− 0.388 - 0.799) (−0.495–0.152) (− 0.958 – − 0.123) (−0.903–0.235) (−1.020 – − 0.321) (−1.00–0.555) (−2.51 – − 0.713)
Age (years) 0.0032 0.027 0.014 0.013 −0.012 − 0.014 −0.027 0.344 0.007
(−0.235–0.030) (− 0.003–0.059) (− 0.018 - 0.047) (−0.004–0.031) (− 0.035-0.010) (−0.046–0.172) (−0.047 – − 0.008) (−0.008–0.077) (−0.042–0.058
BMI −0.006 − 0.01 −0.016 − 0.011 0.014 0.035 0.001 −0.017 −0.007
(−0.44–0.032) (−0.005–0.034) (− 0.064–0.030) (− 0.037-0.014) (−0.019–0.047) (−0.009–0.080) (− 0.026 - 0.028) (−0.079–0.044) (−0.791–0.064)
MS − 0.089 −0.022 − 0.321 0.0004 0.014 0.479 0.01 −0.458 −0.576
(−0.514–0.336) (−0.557–0.477) (− 0.845–0.202) (−0.289–0.280) (−0.353–0.382) (−0.022–0.981) (−0.297–0.318) (−1.144–0.228) (−1.372–0.219)
FEV1%p −0.006 0.001 0 0 −0.001 0.001 0.005 −0.013 0
(−0.018–0.005) (−0.012–0.015) (− 0.014 - 0.149) (−0.007–0.008) (− 0.011 - 0.009) (−0.012–0.015) (−0.003–0.013) (−0.032–0.006) (−0.023–0.021)
  1. Multiple comparisons analysis was perform by the statistical software XLSTAT 2016.5 Addinsoft. *P < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: BMI Body mass index, GIP gastric inhibitory polypeptide, GLP-1 glucagon-like peptide-1, MS Metabolic syndrome, PAI-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, TS tobacco smoking