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Table 1 A comparison of two publications separated by over a decade and the incidence of ARI due to viral infection

From: The human viral challenge model: accelerating the evaluation of respiratory antivirals, vaccines and novel diagnostics

  Heikkinen et al. 2003 [7] Taylor et al. 2017 [8]
Rhinovirus 30-50% 41.50%
Coronavirus 10-15% 5.60%
Influenza viruses 5-15% 15.80%
Respiratory syncytial virus 5% 9.70%
Parainfluenza 5% 9.70%
Adenoviruses <5% 9.80%
Enterovirus <5% -
Metapneumovirus Unknown 5.50%
Unknown 20-30% 0
HBov NA 2%
  1. NB: The two papers summarised are separated by over a decade therefore different diagnostic methodology were used and are described in each paper. Taylor et al. [8] include Enteroviruses with the rhinoviruses. Hbov was discovered in 2005 and therefore not included by Heikkinen et al. [7]