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Table 1 Comparison of participant characteristics by smoking status

From: Airway surface liquid from smokers promotes bacterial growth and biofilm formation via iron-lactoferrin imbalance

Characteristics Smokers Non-Smokers p-value
Age mean 32.8 (11) 37.7 (13) 0.3881
Male gender (%) 54 81 NA
Recovery rate (%) 77.3 (10.5) 70.7 (16.4) 0.2542
  1. Data expressed as mean and standard deviation