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Fig. 3 | Respiratory Research

Fig. 3

From: Adverse events profile of oral corticosteroids among asthma patients in the UK: cohort study with a nested case-control analysis

Fig. 3

Current use of oral prednisolone and the risk of 11 study outcomes among asthma patients, by frequency of use before the index date (low use: on average 1 prescription/year; medium use: on average 2–3 prescriptions/year; high use: on average ≥ 4 prescriptions/year). Abbreviations: ORadj, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval. *Results from main analysis (the sensitivity analysis restricted to patients with integrated hospital episode statistics yielded similar results, data not shown). Odds ratios are presented on a logarithmic scale and were adjusted for alcohol consumption, smoking status, body mass index, current or past use of inhaled bronchodilators, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, platelet aggregation inhibitors, anticoagulants, proton pump inhibitors, vitamin D/calcium, bisphosphonates, immunosuppressants, number of prescriptions of inhaled corticosteroids (as a continuous variable), and Charlson Comorbidity Index (as a continuous variable)

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