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Table 2 Health care utilization one year prior to index date in (A) all patients with mild to moderate and severe asthma and (B) in patients after exclusion of the patients with a concurrent COPD diagnosis. Age adjusted data presented as number and proportion (%) of the patients

From: Prevalence and management of severe asthma in primary care: an observational cohort study in Sweden (PACEHR)

  A B
Full study population Asthma only (no COPD)
Mild to moderate (n = 17,934) Severe (n = 790) P value Mild to moderate (n = 16,142) Severe (n = 561) P-value
Primary care visits (any reason)
 Visit to the doctor 10,922 (60.9) 464 (58.7) 0.237 9553 (59.2) 312. (55.7) 0.100
 Visits to the nurse 8761 (48.9) 376 (47.6) 0.512 7555 (46.8) 248 (44.1) 0.242
 Other visits 4880 (27.2) 216 (27.4) 0.968 4065 (25.2) 135 (23.7) 0.458
Primary care visits because of asthma
 Visit to the doctor 3819 (21.3) 245 (31.0) <0.001 3421 (21.2) 179 (32.0) <0.001
 Visits to the nurse 749 (4.2) 53 (6.7) 0.001 641 (4.0) 36 (6.5) 0.005
 Other visits 513 (2.9) 37 (4.7) 0.004 380 (2.4) 23 (4.0) 0.012
Outpatient hospital visits
 Any visit to specialist 3644 (20.3) 296 (37.5) <0.001 3016 (18.7) 197 (35.1) <0.001
 Visit to a specialist because of asthma 1168 (6.5) 165 (20.9) <0.001 1068 (6.6) 114 (20.3) <0.001
Asthma related events
 Exacerbations because of asthma 3182 (17.7) 301 (38.0) <0.001 2620 (16.2) 196 (35.0) <0.001
 Oral steroids 3111 (17.3) 292 (36.9) <0.001 2562 (15.9) 190 (33.8) <0.001
 Hospitalizations because of asthma 93 (0.5) 21 (2.6) <0.001 72 (0.4) 14 (2.5) <0.001
 Emergency department visits because of asthma 22 (0.1) 2 (0.3) 0.620 20 (0.1) 2 (0.4) 0.367