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Table 4 Effect of Childhood Pneumonia on Lung Function

From: Childhood pneumonia increases risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the COPDGene study

  Childhood Pneumonia No Childhood Pneumonia Impact of Childhood Pneumoniaa
  N = 850 (8.4 %) N = 9245 (91.6 %) β SE p Valueb
FEV1 post-BD % predicted (SD) 69.1 % (25.7) 77.1 % (25.4) −6.22 (0.88) <0.001
FVC post-BD % predicted (SD) 82.7 % (18.6) 87.4 % (18.3) −3.89 (0.65) <0.001
FEV1/FVC post-BD (SD) 0.63 (0.17) 0.67 (0.16) −0.02 (0.005) <0.001c
  1. Abbreviations: FEV 1 forced expiratory volume in the first second; FVC forced vital capacity; post-BD post bronchodilator
  2. aEach row represents a separate regression model, beta coefficient (β) and standard error (SE) for linear regression
  3. bCovariate used for all analyses = pack yearscAdditional covariates = age at enrollment + gender + race + height