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Table 2 COPD in Subjects With and Without History of Childhood Pneumonia

From: Childhood pneumonia increases risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the COPDGene study

 

Childhood Pneumonia

No Childhood Pneumonia

Impact of Childhood Pneumoniaa

 

N = 687 (8.5 %)

N = 7364 (91.5 %)

OR

(95 % CI)

p Valueb

COPD, GOLD 2-4

405

(59.0 %)

3267

(44.4 %)

1.40

(1.17, 1.66)

<0.001

COPD, GOLD 2-4 + adjusted for childhood asthma

    

1.30

(1.09, 1.55)

0.003

  1. Abbreviations: COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; GOLD Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
  2. aEach row represents a separate regression model, odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for logistic regression
  3. bCovariates for all analyses = age at enrollment in years + gender + race + pack years