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Table 2 COPD in Subjects With and Without History of Childhood Pneumonia

From: Childhood pneumonia increases risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the COPDGene study

  Childhood Pneumonia No Childhood Pneumonia Impact of Childhood Pneumoniaa
  N = 687 (8.5 %) N = 7364 (91.5 %) OR (95 % CI) p Valueb
COPD, GOLD 2-4 405 (59.0 %) 3267 (44.4 %) 1.40 (1.17, 1.66) <0.001
COPD, GOLD 2-4 + adjusted for childhood asthma      1.30 (1.09, 1.55) 0.003
  1. Abbreviations: COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; GOLD Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
  2. aEach row represents a separate regression model, odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) for logistic regression
  3. bCovariates for all analyses = age at enrollment in years + gender + race + pack years