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Table 7 BP and BD responses to sulforaphane (SF) arranged according to changes in forced expiratory volume in 1-second (FEV1) to MCh (mean ± SD). A. Non-smokers (n = 30), B. Smokers (n = 15).

From: Sulforaphane improves the bronchoprotective response in asthmatics through Nrf2-mediated gene pathways

A. Non-smokers
  BP (% change) BD (% change)
  Before SF After SF p for SF effect Before SF After SF p for SF effect
Decreased FEV1 response to MCh 40.4 ± 40.4 −3.8 ± 46.8 0.002 33.7 ± 39.4 23.8 ± 36.8 0.20
Increased FEV1 response to MCh −49.3 ± 29.7 23.5 ± 35.8 0.004 17.7 ± 27.0 36.3 ± 17.7 0.04
B. Smokers
  BP (% change) BD (% change)
  Before SF After SF p for SF effect Before SF After SF p for SF effect
Decreased FEV1 response to MCh 32.3 ± 34.2 5.1 ± 91.1 0.28 47.1 ± 21.8 22.1 ± 33.4 0.06
Increased FEV1 response to MCh 17.1 ± 60.7 48.1 ± 20.6 0.44 22.3 ± 23.1 27.4 ± 20.1 0.63