Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of control, non-EDS OSA and EDS OSA groups

From: Sleepiness, inflammation and oxidative stress markers in middle-aged males with obstructive sleep apnea without metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study

  CONTROL (n = 10) non-EDS OSA (n = 11) EDS OSA (n = 14)
Age (years) 43.00 ± 10.56 42.36 ± 9.48 45.43 ± 10.06
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 24.14 ± 2.67 26.65 ± 2.38 27.39 ± 2.05*
Waist Circumference (cm) 89.10 ± 8.78 95.27 ± 8.04 97.93 ± 4.51*
AHI (events/h) 2.71 ± 1.48 29.48 ± 22.83* 38.20 ± 25.54*
Arousal index (events/h) 10.69 ± 5.79 25.91 ± 18.87 32.50 ± 20.53*
MinSatO 2 (%) 90.70 ± 2.83 81.91 ± 8.27* 81.50 ± 7.51*
Epworth sleepiness scale 6.90 ± 2.02 6.55 ± 2.11 15.93 ± 4.44*#
Fasting Glucose (mg/dL) 86.80 ± 4.54 93.09 ± 9.58 92.71 ± 11.18
2 h-GTT (mg/dL) 97.00 ± 25.23 121.73 ± 39.01 109.21 ± 25.89
HOMA-IR 0.76 ± 0.31 1.82 ± 1.52 2.02 ± 1.16*
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 178.80 ± 40.42 190.73 ± 38.75 191.50 ± 25.63
HDL (mg/dL) 53.60 ± 17.20 52.00 ± 9.58 45.57 ± 7.94
LDL (mg/dL) 109.80 ± 28.89 117.45 ± 33.65 120.43 ± 26.06
VLDL (mg/dL) 15.30 ± 8.15 20.36 ± 8.16 25.50 ± 8.16*
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 77.10 ± 41.13 101.82 ± 41.53 128.07 ± 40.64*
0 component of SM [n, (%)] 5 (50.00) 3 (27.27) 4 (28.57)
1 component of SM [n, (%)] 3 (30.00) 5 (45.45) 5 (35.71)
2 components of SM [n, (%)] 2 (20.00) 3 (27.27) 5 (35.71)
  1. BMI = body mass index; AHI = Apnea-Hypopnea Index; MinSatO2 = Minimum Oxygen Saturation; 2 h-GTT = 2 h oral glucose tolerance test; HOMA-IR = homeostasis model assessment index; HDL = High-density lipoprotein; LDL = Low-density lipoprotein; VLDL = Very-low-density lipoprotein. Data are presented as the mean ± SD or n (%). ANOVA or Chi-squared. *Different from control (p < 0.05). #Different from non-EDS OSA group (p < 0.05).