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Table 1 Source, sector distribution, and value of applied costs used in costing calculations for acute respiratory illnesses

From: The cost of community-managed viral respiratory illnesses in a cohort of healthy preschool-aged children

Resource item Sector Source of applied cost Applied cost Value
Primary care visits Patient and family Medicare Australia [60, 61] Mean patient contribution per service by quarter, patient and bulk billed services from general practitioners and vocationally registered general practitioners January to March 2003: $4.03
April to June 2003: $4.08
July to September 2003: $4.34
October to December 2003: $4.61
January 2004: $4.64
  Health Medicare Australia [62, 63] 85% (reimbursable amount) of code 23, Medicare Benefits Schedule January to October 2003: $25.05
November 2003 to January 2004: $25.70
Specialist visits Patient and family Medicare Australia [60, 61] Mean patient contribution per specialist visit by quarter January to March 2003: $19.30
April to June 2003: $19.56
July to September 2003: $19.74
October to December 2003: $20.36
January 2004: $21.65
  Health Medicare Australia [62, 63] 85% (reimbursable amount) of code 104, Medicare Benefits Schedule January to October 2003: $58.95
November 2003 to January 2004: $60.45
Other health care provider visits Patient and family Pilot study [23] Mean other health care provider visit cost from pilot study, derived from 10 visits $15.63 per visit to allied and alternative health professionals
Hospital emergency department visits without admission Health The Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing [64] Australian Ambulatory Classes group 23 (other respiratory diseases without procedure) $40 per visit
Diagnostic tests 15% Patient and family
85% Health
Medicare Australia [62, 63] Medicare Benefits Scheduled fee for diagnostic tests January 2003 to January 2004
$28.35 Chest x-ray (code 58500)
January to October 2003
$14.20 Full blood examination (code 65070)
$16.35 Urea, electrolytes, creatinine, liver function tests (code 66515)
$17.10 Urine microscopy, culture, identification, and sensitivity (code 69333)
November 2003 to January 2004
$14.65 Full blood examination (code 65070)
$16.85 Urea, electrolytes, creatinine, liver function tests (code 66515)
$17.60 Urine microscopy, culture, identification, and sensitivity (code 69333)
Antibiotics Patient and family Pilot study [23] Mean antibiotic course cost from pilot study, derived from 42 courses $13.80 per course
Time seeking health care away from work 61% Patient and family
39% Employer
Australian Bureau of Statistics [26] Average weekly, full-time adult total earnings for females and males used to provide an hourly rate (based on a 38 hour working week) January 2003
Female $21.62 Male $26.67
February to April 2003
Female $21.94 Male $27.10
May to July 2003
Female $22.25 Male $27.51
August to October 2003
Female $22.49 Male $27.81
November 2003 to January 2004
Female $22.71 Male $28.00
Time seeking health care away from usual activity Patient and family    
Excess time caring for ill child away from work 31% Patient and family
69% Employer
   
Excess time caring for ill child away from usual activity Patient and family    
Hospitalization Health Public hospital admission National Hospital Cost Data Collection [65, 66] Victorian values for code E62C (Respiratory infection/inflammation without complication or co-morbidity) Round 7 (2002/2003) $2,331
Round 8 (2003/2004) $2,441