Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 3 | Respiratory Research

Figure 3

From: Bronchial epithelial spheroids: an alternative culture model to investigate epithelium inflammation-mediated COPD

Figure 3

Functional analyses of bronchial epithelial spheroids. (A) Videomicroscopy shows ciliary beating associated with rolling of spheroids (see video online). (B). The ciliary beat frequency was similar in spheroids from both COPD and non-COPD smokers (n = 7) both at basal state (Basal) and after LPS stimulation (10 μg/ml LPS for 24 h) (LPS). (C) Representative micrographs of untreated (-LPS) and LPS-treated (+LPS) COPD spheroids showing LPS-enhanced expression of IL-8.

Back to article page