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Table 1 List of studied serum biomarkers in ARDS

From: Serum biomarkers in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome an ailing prognosticator

Lung epithelium-specific proteins Surfactant-associated proteins
  • SP-A
  • SP-B
  • SP-D
  Mucin-associated antigens
  • KL-6/MUC1
Cytokines • IL-1
  • IL-2
  • IL-6
  • IL-8
  • IL-10
  • IL-15
  • TNFa
Other serological parameters Markers of endothelium activation
  • Adhesion molecules (E, L-selectin, I-CAM-1, V-CAM-1)
  • VWF
  Markers of neutrophil activation
  • MMP-9
  • LTB4
  Ferritin
  1. Abbreviations: ARDS: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, CC16: Clara-cell protein 16, IL: Interleukin, KL-6: Krebs von den Lungen-6, LTB4: Leukotriene B4 MMP-9: Metalloproteinase-9 MUC: Mucin, I-CAM-1: Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, sIL-2R: soluble interleukin-2 receptor, V-CAM-1: Vascular Adhesion Molecule-1, VWF: von Willebrand factor antigen