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Figure 4 | Respiratory Research

Figure 4

From: Long-term air pollution exposure and living close to busy roads are associated with COPD in women

Figure 4

Association between COPD and long-term PM10 exposure (five-year mean), adjusted for age, SES, heating with fossil fuels, occupational exposure (Dust/ temperature) and smoking for women who lived at least five years at their place of residence. Means of each place and year of study: Bo = Borken, DoH = Dortmund Hörde, DoNO = Dortmund North-East, Due = Dülmen, DuS = Duisburg South, DuN = Duisburg North, EZ = Essen Centre, Ge = Gelsenkirchen, He = Herne

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