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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the study patients

From: Cheyne-Stokes respiration in patients hospitalised for heart failure

  All patients Females (n = 61) Males (n = 130) Significance
Age (years) 72. 6 ± 10.0 75.1 ± 8.9 71.4 ± 10.3 P < 0.05
BMI (kg/m2) 25.7 ± 4.6 25.4 ± 5.4 25.9 ± 4.3 NS
LVIDD (mm) 56.5 ± 9.4 51.2 ± 9.5 59.0 ± 8.3 P < 0.001
LVEF (%) 36.2 ± 12.1 39.0 ± 13.0 34.9 ± 11.6 P < 0.05
LVEF ≥45% (percentage of patients) 26 36 22 P < 0.05
Ischaemic heart disease (percentage of patients) 60 57 62 NS
NYHA 3–4 (percentage of patients) 52 57 49 NS
Atrial fibrillation (percentage of patients) 35 33 35 NS
Cerebrovascular disease (percentage of patients) 18 15 19 NS
Habitual snorers (percentage of patients) 12 7 15 P < 0.05
  1. Values for continuous data (age, BMI, LVIDD and LVEF) are given as mean ± SD. Significance testing is made with T-test for continuous data and chi-square for the other data.