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Table 2 Comparison of Inflammatory biomarkers secreted by monocytes isolated from healthy individuals with or without COPD

From: Circulating monocytes from healthy individuals and COPD patients

Measured Biomarker COPD patients Healthy individuals Significance
  Mean SD Mean SD P
MMP-9 (ng/ml) 7.6 3.6 2.99 0.9 0.028
IL-8 (pg/ml) 1.7 0.3 2.7 0.5 0.013
ICAM-1(ng/ml) 143 13 131 15 0.542
TNF-α (pg/ml) 9.7 2.9 10 3 0.75
MIF (pg/ml) 927 218 1314 214 0.246
IL-6 (pg/ml) 15 2 21 2 0.059
IL-1β (pg/ml) 3.4 1.1 6 3.1 0.249
MCP-1 (pg/ml) 425 116 452 123 0.736