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Figure 1 | Respiratory Research

Figure 1

From: Circulating monocytes from healthy individuals and COPD patients

Figure 1

LPS-stimulated release of pro-inflammatory molecule from COPD patient monocytes relative to controls. Isolated blood monocytes from COPD patients (n = 20) and controls (n = 30) were activated with LPS (1 μg/ml) for 18 h. Pro-inflammatory molecular release was measured by ELISA methods. Monocytes from patients with COPD released greater levels of IL-6 and MCP-1, relative to controls (A), while the activation of control cells resulted in an enhanced secretion of ICAM-1 and MMP-9 (B).

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