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Table 5 Reported causes of death, according to initial VTE presentation

From: Pulmonary embolism and 3-month outcomes in 4036 patients with venous thromboembolism and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: data from the RIETE registry

  PE patients DVT patients
  (n=305) (n=138)
Fatal pulmonary embolism 76 (24.9%) 6 (4.3%)
Respiratory insufficiency 55 (18.0%) 22 (15.9%)
Neoplasia 44 (14.4%) 37 (26.8%)
Infection 32 (10.5%) 14 (10.1%)
Fatal bleeding 17 (5.6%) 8 (5.8%)
Heart failure 10 (3.3%) 6 (4.4%)
Sudden death 6 (2.0%) 6 (4.4%)
Multi-organ failure 6 (2.0%) 5 (3.6%)
Myocardial infarction 5 (1.6%) 2 (1.5%)
Bowel occlusion 3 (1.0%) 1 (0.7%)
Liver insufficiency 2 (0.7%) 1 (0.7%)
Stroke 1 (0.3%) 2 (1.4%)
Terminal renal insufficiency 1 (0.3%) 2 (1.4%)
Critical limb ischemia 1 (0.3%) 0
Other 11 (3.6%) 2 (1.5%)0
Unknown 35 (11.5%) 24 (17.4%)