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Table 5 Predictors for distinguishing CPE from ALI/ARDS, excluding the mixed type*

From: Diagnostic utility of C-reactive Protein combined with brain natriuretic peptide in acute pulmonary edema: a cross sectional study

   univariate    multivariate  
Predictors for CPE OR 95%CI p-value OR 95%CI p-value
age > 80y 1.350 0.660-2.761 0.411 1.125 0.370-3.417 0.836
systolic BP > 135 mmHg 3.148 1.496-6.627 0.003 3.999 1.311-12.198 0.015
S3 gallop sound 4.032 0.845-19.251 0.080 9.142 0.727-115.032 0.087
CRP > 50 mg/L 0.083 0.035-0.196 < 0.001 0.106 0.035-0.323 < 0.001
BNP > 500 pg/mL 12.50 5.057-30.898 < 0.001 14.425 4.382-47.483 < 0.001
LVEF > 60% 0.474 0.223-1.006 0.052 0.799 0.258-2.476 0.697
Pleural effusion on chest radiograph 2.805 0.881-8.932 0.081 5.293 0.791-35.434 0.086
  1. *Results of multiple logistic regression analysis.
  2. ALI: acute lung injury; ARDS: acute respiratory distress syndrome; BNP: brain natriuretic peptide; BP: blood pressure; CRP: C-reactive protein; CPE: cardiogenic pulmonary edema; LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction