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Table 6 Mean Group Score ± STD for Each Pathological Variable on 92 days of persistent smoke exposure.

From: Effects of intratracheal administration of nuclear factor-kappaB decoy oligodeoxynucleotides on long-term cigarette smoke-induced lung inflammation and pathology in mice

Group Goblet-Cell Metaplasia Inflammatory-Cell Infiltration Fibrosis Muscle
NS 9.17 ± 5.05 5.50 ± 1.48 6.42 ± 2.15 5.58 ± 1.88
Decoy 3.70 ± 2.54* 6.79 ± 4.00 9.71 ± 4.27# 5.08 ± 2.42
Scr 5.30 ± 2.19 4.5 ± 1.58 4.68 ± 2.26 4.94 ± 2.59
  1. Data were analyzed by Nonparametric Mann-Whitney U-test and expressed as mean ± STD. NS: normal saline-treated smoke-exposed mice; Decoy: decoy NF-κB ODNs-treated smoke-exposed mice; Scr: scrambled ODNs-treated smoke-exposed mice. *P < 0.05 for Decoy mice compared with NS mice, # P < 0.05 for Decoy mice compared with Scr mice. n = 5–7/per group