Skip to main content

Table 1 Prevalence and aetiological agents in occupational rhinitis (adapted from reference [9]).

From: EAACI position paper on occupational rhinitis

Agents Occupation Prevalence (%)
High molecular weight agents
Laboratory animals Laboratory workers 6–33
Other animal-derived allergens Swine confinement workers 8–23
Insects & mites Laboratory workers, farm workers 2–60
Grain dust Grain elevators 28–64
Flour Bakers 18–29
Latex Hospital workers, textile factory 9–20
Other plant allergens Tobacco, carpet, hot pepper, tea, coffee, cocoa, dried fruit and saffron workers 5–36
Biological enzymes Pharmaceutical & detergent industries 3–87
Fish and seafood protein Trout, prawn, shrimp, crab & clam workers; aquarists & fish-food factory workers 5–24
Low molecular weight agents
Diisocyanates Painters, urethane mould workers 36–42
Anhydrides Epoxy resin production, chemical workers, electric condenser workers 10–48
Wood dust Carpentry & furniture making 10–36
Metals (platinum) Platinum refinery 43
Drugs (psyllium, spiramycin, piperacillin) Health care & pharmaceutical workers 9–41
Chemicals Reactive dye, synthetic fibre, cotton, persulphate, hairdressing, pulp & paper, shoe manufacturing 3–30